The Oxford Institute of Population Ageing was established in 1998. Based on the US Population Center, it was funded by a grant from the National Institute of Health (National Institute on Aging - NIA) to establish the UK's first population centre on the demography and economics of ageing populations. It achieved Institute status in 2001.
Our aim is to undertake research into the implications of population change. We are a multi-disciplinary group with demography as our main disciplinary focus, and links into all
4 University Divisions.
The Institute has 6 main Research Programmes:
and 2 Research Centres:
As the demographic transition has flowed across the globe so the demographic ageing of societies has become one of the major challenges for the 21st century.
Driven predominantly by falling fertility rates across the globe as the Total Fertility Rates of 2/3 of the globes countries now reach around or below replacement level, this age compositional shift has huge implications for all aspects of society and economy. Alongside this late life longevity has increased, with older people living longer and healthier old ages. Technology has altered employment patterns, social mores and demography have affected family forms, kinship roles and intergenerational relationships, and medical advances are extending healthy active life. The experience and meaning of old age is being transformed.
By 2020, one quarter of the UK's population will be over 60 years old, with forty percent of these over 75. By 2030 one quarter of the population of the Developed World will be over 65, and within Western Europe nearly half the population will be over 50 years of age.Yet the largest number of older people will live in the Less Developed World, where some 900 million people will be aged over 60. .
This demographic change affects all regions of the world, from the demogaphic deficits of Europe, the demographic dividends of Asia and the youth bulges of the Middle East.
Professor Sarah Harper
Director, Oxford Institute of Population Ageing