1. Anthropological Demography:
Comparative demographic systems with particular reference to the construction of collective identity, family and kin systems, age and social structure.
Development of combined qualitative and quantitative methodologies.
2. Population Ageing:
Understanding the ageing process as part of adaptive mechanisms characteristic of local cultures and social structures.
Comparative analysis of Asian and European family systems,with particular reference to Indonesia: childlessness, migration, networks, gender.
3. History of Population Theory and Analysis
Recent professional committments
Director, Fertility and Reproductive Studies Group, and Research Associate,
Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology (from 2010)
Honorary Professor, Institute of Ageing, University of Indonesia (from 2009)
Visiting Research Fellow, Centre for Research on Ageing, Southampton University (from 2008)
Director of Studies, Human Sciences, Keble College (2007-11)
Steering Committee, Project South East Asia: Centre for South East Asian Studies, University of Oxford (from 2009)
Editorial Board: Life Course, Culture and Aging: Global Transformations, Berghahn Books, Oxford (from 2009)
Director, Ageing In Indonesia, 1998-2007. A comparative, longitudinal study of the elderly, their family networks, and community structures of three communities (East and West Java, West Sumatra). In collaboration with the Center for Health Research, University of Indonesia, and Andalas University, Padang, and the Institute for South East Asian Studies, Singapore. Funded by the Wellcome Trust.
Tutor and Lecturer in Demography, Institute of Human Sciences, Oxford University
Lecturer in Human Sciences, Somerville College
Co-Researcher in programme directed by Professor E. Hogervorst, Loughborough University: The Association of Plasma Phytoestrogens, Sex Steroids and Folate with Age-Related Cognitive Decline and possible Dementia. The Alzheimers Trust, 2006-2007.
Recent publications and presentations
(with E. Schröder-Butterfill) (in press) 'Differential Impacts of Migration on the Family Networks of Older People in Indonesia: A Comparative Analysis', Journal of Development and Change.
(with E. Schröder-Butterfill) (in press) 'Cultural Variations in Daughter Preference in Rural Indonesia', Ageing and Gender in Southeast Asia, T. Devashayam, ed., Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
(with Elisabeth Schröder-Butterfill) (2010) 'Age-Structural Transition in Indonesia: A Comparison of Macro- and Micro-Level Evidence', Asian Population Studies 6:1,25-45.
'Darwin and Lotka: Two Concepts of Population' (2009) Demographic Research 21: 16, 469-502.
'Ageing, Finance and Civil Society: Notes for an Agenda', in E. N. Arifin and A. Ananta eds., Older Persons in Southeast Asia, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore, 2009, pp. 361-91.
'Aristotle and Open Population Thinking' (2008) Population and Development Review 34:4, 599-629.
(with Elisabeth Schröder-Butterfill) (2008) 'Indonesia Against the Trend? Ageing and Inter-Generational Wealth Flows in Two Indonesian Communities', Special Issue on Strong Family Ties, Demographic Research 19:52, 1781-1810.
(with E. Hogervorst, T. Sadjimim, A. Yesufu, and T. B. Raharjdo) (2008) 'High Tofu Intake is Associated with Worse Memory in Elderly Indonesian Men and Women', Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders 26:50-57.
'Population Ageing, Political Transition, and Civil Society: A Comparison of Indonesia and Poland', (2008), in G. Sinigoj, G. Jones, K. Hirokawa, S. Linhart, and eds., The Impact of Ageing: A Common Challenge for Europe and Asia, Vienna: LIT Press, pp.149-170.
‘Old-age vulnerability in a matrilineal society: The case of the Minangkabau of Sumatra, Indonesia, (with Elisabeth Schröder-Butterfill and E Indrizal), The Cultural Context of Aging: Worldwide Perspectives, ed. J Sokolovsky, 3rd edition, 2008. Bergin and Garvey, London.
‘Gaps in the Family Networks of Older People in Three Indonesian Communities’, (with Elisabeth Schröder-Butterfill), Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology 22(2007):1, 1-27.
'La reponse anglo-saxonne a la revolution demographique de Landry', in Adolphe Landry Economiste, Demographe et Legislateur, Paris: INED
‘Ageing the Family and Civil Society: the case of Indonesia’, Generations Review16 (2006), 1, 11-15.
‘Demography and Civil Society: A Historical Perspective on Contemporary Transitions and their Implications for Population Ageing’, Working Paper No. 306, Oxford Institute of Ageing.
'Migration, Social Structure and Old-Age Support Networks: A Comparison of Three Indonesian Communities', Ageing & Society volume 26 (2006), pp 37-60.
'John Graunt', Encyclopaedia of Social Measurement, ed. K. Kempf-Leonard, San Diego: Elsevier, 2005, Vol. 2, Pp. 161-166.
'Actual and de facto Childlessness In Old-Age: Evidence and Implications from East Java, Indonesia', (with Elisabeth Schroder-Butterfill) Population and Development Review 31 (2005),1,19-56.
'Where are the Children?'. In P. Kreager and E. Schroder-Butterfill, eds., Ageing Without Children: European and Asian Perspectives. Oxford: Berghahn (2004), pp. 1-48.
Ageing Without Children: European and Asian Perspectives, Philip Kreager and Elisabeth Schroder-Butterfill, eds. Oxford: Berghahn (2004).
Coping Without Children: Comparative Historical and Cross-Cultural Perspectives, Oxford Institute of Ageing Working Papers, WP 104,Oxford (2004).
'Objectifying Demographic Identities', In S. Szreter , H. Shokalmy, and A. Dharmalingam, eds., Categories and Contexts in Demographic Research, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2004, Pp.1-19.
'Keynes, Cannan, Fisher, Yule: Contrasting Styles of Population Forecast In Inter-War Britain' In J. Fleischhacker, H. De Gans, and T. Burch, eds. ‘Populations, Projections and Politics: Critical and Historical Essays on Early Twentieth Century Population Forecasting, Amsterdam: Rozenberg, 2003, Pp. 85-112.
'Graunt, John, 1620-1674', Encyclopedia of Population, Vol. I, P. Demeny and G. McNicoll, eds., MacMillan: New York, 2003, Pp. 472-473.
'Population Thought, History of', Encyclopedia of Population, Vol. I, P. Demeny and G.McNicoll, eds., MacMillan: New York, 2003, Pp. 772-785.
(with E. Schroder-Butterfill) Age-Structural Dynamics and Local Models of Population Ageing in Indonesia, Oxford Institute of Ageing Working Papers, WP103, Oxford, 2003, 42Pp.
(with E. Schroder-Butterfill) Actual and De Facto Childlessness in East Java: A Preliminary Analysis, Oxford Institute of Ageing Working Papers WP203, Oxford, 2003, 49Pp.
'Death and Method: the rhetorical space of 17th-century vital measurement', in E. Magnello and A. Hardy, eds., The Road to Medical Statistics, Rodopi, Amsterdam, 2002., Pp. 1-36.
'Review Article: Demography and National Security', Journal of Migration Studies, 15 (2002), 4, 307-11.
Süssmilch Lecture, Max Planck Institute for Demography, Rostock, Germany: "Two Faces of Political Arithmetic".
Paper (with Elisabeth Schröder-Butterfill) 'Differential Impacts of Migration on the Family Networks of Older People in Indonesia: A Comparative Analysis'Paper for: Transnational Labour Migration, Remittances and Changing Family Structures and Relations in Asia, International Workshop at the Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore
Whose child? Whose children? Indonesian reflections on the ends of reproduction. Seminar on Reproduction, Family and Changing Concepts of Childhood.
Fertility and Reproductive Studies Group, Institute of Social and Cultural
Seminar Speaker, Department of Sociology, National University of Singapore
Paper: Constructing Social and Economic Status in Indonesia: A Comparative Study
Seminar Speaker, Gender and Ageing in Southeast Asia, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore. Paper (with E. Schröder-Butterfill): 'Age and Gender Preferences in Rural Indonesia'
Seminar Speaker, Meeting on Population and Development in Asia, Asia Research Centre, London School of Economics
Paper: 'Key Issues on Ageing in Indonesia'
Invited Speaker, World Population Congress,
International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, Marrakech.
Paper: 'Two Concepts of Population: The Long View'
Seminar Speaker, Center for Health Research, University of Indonesia, Jakarta
Paper (with E. Schröder-Butterfill): 'Comparative Perspectives on Gender, Ageing, the Supply of Children, and Wealth Flows in Rural Indonesia'
Lecturer, Oxford Spring School, Oxford Institute of Ageing, Oxford
Principal Speaker, 'Population Ageing, Political Transition, and Civil Society', Book launch for The Impact of Ageing: A Common Challenge for Europe and Asia
Oxford University and the Austrian Embassy; Oxford Institute of Ageing and the James Martin Institute, Oxford
Seminar Speaker, Department of Human Sciences, University of Loughborough
Paper: 'Constructing Social and Economic Status in Indonesia: A Comparative Study'
Seminar Speaker, Expert Group Meeting on Mainstreaming Age Structural Transitions into Economic Development Policy and Planning, United Nations Population Fund, and Vienna Institute of Demography
Paper: 'Familial and Community Dimensions of ASTs, Ageing and Demographic
Dividends: An Indonesian Fieldwork-based Case Study
Seminar Speaker: Centre on Migration, Policy and Society, Oxford University:
Paper: 'Two Concepts of Population'
Invited Speaker, China-Europa Forum, Foundation Charles Leopold Mayer, and Institut National D'Etudes Dèmographiques, Paris, 3-6 Oct. 2007.
‘Ageing, Finance and Civil Society in Southeast Asia: Notes for an Agenda’, Paper for Financing Issues for an Ageing Society in Southeast Asia, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore,
‘Indonesia Against the Trend’, Paper for Change in Living Arrangements and Family Relatedness in the Context of Strong Family Ties, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, April, 2007.
‘Ageing, Networks and Civil Society in Indonesia’, Paper for Fakultas Taarbiyah, IAIN Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, April, 2007.
‘Ageing and the Politics of Representation’, Paper for Development Studies Association, Ageing and Development Studies Group, London, March, 2007.
'Changing Parameters in Indonesian Migration: Results of a Longitudinal Study' (with Elisabeth Schroder-Butterfill, Southampton University). Asia/Oceania Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Beijing, October 2007.
‘Ageing, the Family, and Civil Society: Examples from Europe and South East Asia’ Paper prepared for: Impact of Ageing:A Common Challenge for Europe and Asia, University of Vienna, June, 2006.
‘Childlessness: Putting Differential Fertility and Mortality in Context, Past and Present’, Paper for the Social Science and History Annual Conference, Minneapolis, Minnesota, Noverber, 2006.
'Age-Structural Transition in Indonesia: The Problem of Macro and Micro Linkages', International Conference on Population and Devlopment in Asia: Critical Issues for a Sustainable Future, The Asian MetaCentre, March, 2006.
'The Distribution of Labour in Local Support Networks Involving Older People: A Comparative Approach', (with Elisabeth Schroder-Butterfill). European Association of Population Studies, Liverpool, 2006.
'Daughter Preference In Later Life: Comparative Issues'.
Intergenerational Relations, Conference of the British Society for Population Studies, University of Kent, Canterbury, Septermber, 2005.
Gaps in the Family Networks of Older People in Three Indonesian Communities, Kreager - Oxford Institute of Ageing Working Papers WP305 - August 2005 (please click here to download .pdf of this)
'The Enigma of Population Membership: A Short History', Demography and Nationalism: ASEN Conference on Nationalism and Empire, London School of Economics, April, 2005.
'Ageing and daughter preference: comparative perspectives from
Indonesia', Ageing In Asia, School of Interdisciplinary Area Studies, Oxford Institute of Ageing, Asian Studies Centre, St Antony's College, February, 2005.