The impact of the transition to retirement on individuals’ emotions and well-being. Evidence from the Swiss context
About the speaker
Dr. Boris Wernli – FORS – Swiss Centre of Expertise in the Social Sciences/University of Lausanne, Switzerland
Boris Wernli (1968), followed a full training in political sciences (University of Geneva), concluded with a doctorate thesis dedicated to political participation (1998). For the last 20 years he has been committed to large survey data collection in the social sciences and was part of the team that launched the Swiss Household Panel in 1998.
He is Head of Surveys and member of the Board of Directors of FORS, the Swiss Centre of Expertise in the Social Sciences. Since 1993, Boris has also been teaching survey data analysis and methodology to social sciences students at the Universities of Geneva, Neuchâtel and Lausanne. He is currently Professor at the University of Lausanne and is leading researches in the fields of political behaviour, family and life-course sociology.
This article aims to document the impact and timing of the transition to retirement on two dimensions, cognitive and affective, of subjective well-being (SWB) in the Swiss context. The effects on individuals’ emotions—i.e., positive and negative affects— and life satisfaction are studied while taking into account working conditions prior to retirement, the timing of entry into retirement and social participation. Based on the Swiss Household Panel (SHP), dataset on a representative sample of individuals living in Switzerland analysed from the life course perspective, our analyses are performed separately for women and men, and controlling for demographics (age), and economics parameters (household income, education level, satisfaction with financial situation, etc.). We adopt a life course perspective and use a multilevel approach (mixed linear model) to study individual trajectories on both the short- and the mid-term. The results show that working conditions play a key role in shaping individuals’ affective and cognitive well-being after retirement, and this especially for men. Positive work identification is detrimental for SWB after retirement; conversely precarious working conditions before retirement increase positive feelings after this transition. Women seem to enjoy a smoother transition to retirement, perhaps because it affects fewer dimensions of their lives. However, they seem to suffer more than men from the reorganization of interpersonal ties that retirement brings. Nevertheless, women whose professional trajectories are similar to those of men suffer more during the transition to retirement. These results demonstrate the importance of work as central in structuring people’s lives. Thus, people who are less involved or identified with the professional sphere tend to enjoy a smoother transition. Finally, these results highlight the heterogeneity in the transition to retirement and the necessity of considering the wide variety of preretirement professional trajectories in the Swiss context.
This event is part of a seminar series:
Trinity Term 2017 Seminar Series ‘Ageing, Wellbeing and Health’ Thursdays at 14:00 – 15:30 Seminar Room: 66 Banbury Road, Oxford OX2 6PR Convener: Dr Sara Zella This seminar series will be a fascinating journey between theories and concepts of ageing, health and well-being. The talks will underline the mechanisms behind a happy, healthy and long life, ...
08 June 2017 14:00 - 15:30
Oxford Institute of Population Ageing
66 Banbury Road, Oxford, OX2 6PR