Researching the implications of changing population age structure
The Oxford Institute of Population Ageing was established in 1998. Based on the US Population Center, it was funded by a grant from the National Institute of Health (National Institute on Aging - NIA) to establish the UK's first population centre on the demography and economics of ageing populations. It achieved Institute status in 2001.
Our aim is to undertake research into the implications of population change. We are a multi-disciplinary group with demography as our main disciplinary focus, and links into all four University Divisions. Our researchers work in Africa, Latin America, Asia and Europe, and we run the Population Networks AFRAN (Africa) LARNA (Latin America) EAST (Central and Eastern Europe).
"Changes in the demographic age structure of populations has become one of the major challenges for the 21st century. Driven predominantly by falling fertility rates across the globe as the Total Fertility Rates of two thirds of the globes countries now reach around or below replacement level, this age compositional shift has huge implications for all aspects of society and economy. Falling mortality rates, especially among the older population has enhanced this age shift, especially in advanced economies.
Key questions addressed by the Institute concern the ageing of populations, the potential of the growing labour pool in Emerging Economies, and the progress of the fertility transition in Least Developed Economies. This demographic change affects all regions of the world, from demographic deficits in Europe, demographic dividends in Asia and youth bulges on the Middle East."
Professor Sarah Harper
Director, Oxford Institute of Population Ageing