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Executive Function Training in Connection with Falls on Elderly Thais

Category: Journal Articles


Chuangchai, W. & Siripakarn, Y. (2019) Executive Function Training in Connection with Falls on Elderly Thais. Journal of Poppulation Ageing

Executive function (EF) impairment is a significant contributing factor to falls in elderly people. The aim of the current study was to investigate the 8-week period of juggling task and Thai-Stroop test training on EF. Participants in this study were 28 elderly Thais: 14 females and 14 males. They were characterized as non-fallers and fallers groups. In participant characteristic aspect, the result demonstrated that both experience in the past and medical factors were prescribed differently between the two fall-related groups. Examples of experience in the past are former occupation and number of falls. Factors related to medical conditions are for example number of daily medications and the Mini-Mental State Examination Thai (MMSE-Thai) score. High gross motor skills of juggling task in non-fallers had offered better performance compared to fallers. Thai-Stroop test showed that processing time that took the participants longer to react and/or accompanied with poor EF could have an impact on falls. Finally, the current study supports the effectiveness of moderate intensity in short-term training for elderly people to improve motor skill learning, working memory, and attention. Also, counteracting age-related decline in core EF is essential for activities of daily living (ADL). Being seen as a challenging approach, it will nonetheless help reduce the risk of falls and ultimately help older people to successful ageing.

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