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Population ageing in a globalized world: Risks and dilemmas?

Category: Journal Articles


Khan HTA (2018) Population ageing in a globalized world: Risks and dilemmas? J Eval Clin Pract. 1–7.

Rationale, aims, and objectives

This article aims to examine global population ageing and to evaluate the likely risks and dilemmas of demographic ageing within the context of the health and well‐being of individuals.


This paper is based on the author's research in the field of social gerontology, demography, and public health. In addition, a literature review has been carried out focused on the objectives of the research.


The study has identified potential risks and dilemmas that the older people may face in the globalized world. There are four main aspects that contribute to an unequal distribution of risks in later life: (a) burden of disease in epidemiological transition, (b) financial security in retirement, (c) familial resources for older peoples' care, and (d) availability of workforce for older peoples' care. Whilst population ageing is a global trend, its impact is not equal across the world, and this is highlighted in this research. There are some important dilemmas which are identified in this paper that may also fuel the potential risks and challenges facing ageing societies.


It is apparent that older people will face numerous risks in later life and those in developing countries are likely to face more challenges than those in developed countries. The findings may be useful to policymakers for formulating future plans and policy implementation. Further research is required to identify the number of health care workers needed to tackle the challenges of an ageing societies across the globe.

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